Maintaining Dental Health When Hormones Change in Adolescence

What are the life stage changes in hormone balance that may negatively affect your oral health? And what warning signs can you look for?

Although Women tend to take better care of their teeth than do men, they do not have significantly better oral health than men do. In fact, women account for about 75% of office visits for periodontal care. Part of the unique challenge for women is that hormonal changes cause changes in oral health “ directly affecting gum tissue and bone health, and often causing a host of uncomfortable symptoms.

In my practice, I’ve had the privilege of helping many women achieve and maintain not only overall dental health but also relief from the oral symptoms that hormonal fluctuations can bring on.


During puberty, an increase in progesterone and estrogen causes more blood circulation to the gums, which may swell and bleed even though you brush and floss regularly at home. Gum tissue becomes far more sensitive at this time, more tender, and easier to irritate. This increased irritation tends to go away as puberty progresses; however, your dentist can certainly help if symptoms become bothersome at this time.