Gum bleeding is not a healthy or normal sign. It indicates that there is infection, and it should be attended to, not ignored since it will not go away on its own and will worsen with time.
First understanding why your gums are bleeding will help to control it. We have bacteria in the mouth that includes germs that irritate the gums. That gum irritation takes the course of an infection. At first the infection causes the small blood vessels in the gums to expand to allow white blood cells to attack and defeat the bacterial. This expansion of small blood vessels (capillaries) allows both white and red blood cells to pass through readily. Since the capillaries are wider this is an indication that there are infective germs at work on your gums. Wider capillaries are more fragile, and you may see more bleeding when you brush. This is not a warning to stop brushing and flossing. On the contrary, the solution is to reduce the number of bacteria on an ongoing basis.
1. First things first. Remove the bacteria before they cause damage by brushing on the surface of the teeth up and down to the gum line. Where the brush does not reach, use floss between the teeth. Use a water pick to remove larger specks of food. There are mouth rinses that are antibacterial and anti cavity that will help you control bleeding gums that are useful.
2. If your toothbrush looks wilted, its time for a new one. An electric brush cleans your teeth four times faster and better than a manual brush but change the bristles frequently as well. Remember to floss every day, not just before you visit the dentist.
3. Sugar filled foods and drinks will cause damage when the residues stay in the mouth for a long time. Brush and floss after meals. Most important, rinse your mouth after a sugar filled snack or drink to wash away the particles that encourage bacterial growth.
4. Certain habits can cause bleeding gums to turn into missing teeth. Smoking of any kind is the number one culprit. This causes different effects including dry mouth. Copious saliva protects against oral bacterial infections. When smoking, medications, menopause, or surgery cause changes in salivary function. As the mouth becomes drier the mouth becomes more vulnerable to the damaging effects of harmful oral bacteria.
5. See your dentist on a regular basis for a cleaning and an exam to catch small problems before they get larger. Bacteria that stay on the teeth for longer than a day will harden and form hard deposits that brushing cannot remove. These deposits shield bacteria from the brush and will get thicker over time. A professional cleaning will remove these deposits, allow the gums to heal, and bleeding will diminish or cease entirely, stopping progression from bleeding gums to tooth loss.